Trim the pork tenderloin of any excess fat and silver skin.
Put the lime zest, lime juice, honey, salt, and garlic powder in a small, lidded jar and shake to combine. Pour half of this marinade into a 1-gallon zip-top bag, add the chipotle pepper, and slosh around to combine. Add the pork tenderloin to the bag and seal, removing as much air as possible, and place in a container to catch any leaks. Marinate in the refrigerator for 6 to 24 hours, flipping the bag halfway through. Cover the jar with the remaining marinade and refrigerate until ready to use.
Remove the tenderloin to a plate and discard the bag and marinade. Allow the tenderloin to sit at room temperature while preparing the grill. Remove the reserved marinade from the refrigerator.
Fill a large chimney starter with natural lump charcoal and light it. Once the charcoal is ashy and white, about 30 minutes, dump the hot charcoal onto the lowest grate of the grill and spread into an even layer using extra-long tongs. Place the cooking grate back on the grill and cover with the lid; heat the grate to medium heat for 2 to 3 minutes.
Brush the grill with vegetable oil. Place the tenderloin in the center of grate. Cover and cook until the tenderloin reaches an internal temperature of 140ºF, turning every 1 1/2 to 2 minutes, about 12 to 15 minutes total.
Remove the tenderloin from the grill and place on a large piece of heavy-duty aluminum foil folded at the edges to create a basket, and pour on the reserved marinade. Wrap tightly and rest for 10 minutes. Remove to a cutting board and slice. Garnish with cilantro and serve.